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Chapter 1

Fire points in MadagascarFigure 1.1: Fire points in Madagascar 

Deforestation east of Santa Cruz, BoliviaFigure 1.2: Deforestation east of Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Radar image of oil slickFigure 1.3: Radar image of oil slick

Chapter 2

Resolution detailFigure 2.1: Resolution detail

 Footprints for different sensorsFigure 2.2: Footprints for different sensors

Pixel classification with high resolution imageryFigure 2.3Pixel classification with high resolution imagery

Spectral detailFigure 2.4Spectral detail

Temporal profiles of vegetation indices Figure 2.5Temporal profiles of vegetation indices

Classification errorFigure 2.6Classification error

Chapter 3

 Landsat ETM+ image of Quang Nam Province in central Viet NamFigure 3.1: Landsat ETM+ image of Quang Nam Province in central Viet Nam

Photograph of a landscape in Quang Nam Province in central Viet NamFigure 3.2: Photograph of a landscape in Quang Nam Province in central Viet Nam

Common band combinations for Landsat ETM+ data.Figure 3.3: Common band combinations for Landsat ETM+ data.

Landsat TM and ETM+ bands part 1Figure 3.4 part 1: Landsat TM and ETM+ bands

Landsat TM and ETM+ bands part 2Figure 34 part 2: Landsat TM and ETM+ bands

Area recorded by an individual detector in a satellite-based sensorFigure 3.5Area recorded by an individual detector in a satellite-based sensor

Landsat ETM+ image of Sakaraha, southern Madagascar Figure 3.6Landsat ETM+ image of Sakaraha, southern Madagascar

Comparison of spatial resolutions of  IKONOS image and Landsat ETM+ imagesFigure 3.7Comparison of spatial resolutions of IKONOS image and Landsat ETM+ images

Multispectral image compositingFigure 3.8Multispectral image compositing

Image enhancementFigure 3.9Image enhancement

Different image enhancementsFigure 3.10Different image enhancements

Extreme image enhancementFigure 3.11Extreme image enhancement

Image fusionFigure 3.12Image fusion

Image of the Grand Canyon in Arizona, USAFigure 3.13Image of the Grand Canyon in Arizona, USA

Draping a satellite image over a digital elevation modelFigure 3.14Draping a satellite image over a digital elevation model

Spectral plotsFigure 3.15Spectral plots

Light path through the atmosphereFigure 3.16Light path through the atmosphere

Similar vegetation types under different illumination conditionFigure 3.17Similar vegetation types under different illumination condition

Image vs. classificationFigure 3.18Image vs. classification

On-screen digitizingFigure 3.19On-screen digitizing

Supervised classificationFigure 3.20Supervised classification

Unsupervised classificationFigure 3.21Unsupervised classification

Decision tree classificationFigure 3.22Decision tree classification

Image segmentationFigure 3.23Image segmentation

Chapter 4

Buffer a study areaFigure 4.1Buffer a study area

Shadow effectsFigure 4.2Shadow effects

Visual change image compositeFigure 4.3Visual change image composite

Image swipeFigure 4.4Image swipe

Manual hand digitization of changeFigure 4.5Manual hand digitization of change

Land cover overlay for land cover changeFigure 4.6Land cover overlay for land cover change

Multi-temporal image stackFigure 4.7Multi-temporal image stack

Band math for land cover changeFigure 4.8Band math for land cover change

Spectral change vector analysisFigure 4.9Spectral change vector analysis

NDVI bandsFigure 4.10NDVI bands

Radar color compositesFigure 4.11Radar color composites

The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)Figure 4.12The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)

Chapter 5

Three representations of the EarthFigure 5.1Three representations of the Earth

Elevation data stored as contours, grid, and triangulated irregular networks (TIN)Figure 5.2Elevation data stored as contours, grid, and triangulated irregular networks (TIN)

Digital Elevation Models artifactsFigure 5.3Digital Elevation Models artifacts

Geometric distortions in an imageFigure 5.4Geometric distortions in an image

 

Terrain illuminationFigure 5.5Terrain illumination

Specular and diffuse reflectionFigure 5.6: Specular and diffuse reflection

Shaded relief mapsFigure 5.7: Shaded relief maps

Chapter 6

Passage of light from the sun to the satellite sensorFigure 6.1: Passage of light from the sun to the satellite sensor

Coastal waters of the Gulf of Tonkin, Viet NamFigure 6.3: Coastal waters of the Gulf of Tonkin, Viet Nam

Bathymetry map of the Southern Red SeaFigure 6.5: Bathymetry map of the Southern Red Sea

SeaWiFS image of the waters around the Baja PeninsulaFigure 6.7: SeaWiFS image of the waters around the Baja Peninsula

A toxic bloom in the Baltic Sea Figure 6.8: A toxic bloom in the Baltic Sea

Caribbean Sea Surface TemperatureFigure 6.9: Caribbean Sea Surface Temperature

NOAA Coral Reef Watch operational productsFigure 6.10: NOAA Coral Reef Watch operational products

Extract reef geomorphology from Landsat TM dataFigure 6.12: Extract reef geomorphology from Landsat TM data

Seagrass maps for the Eastern Banks in Moreton Bay, AustraliaFigure 6.13: Seagrass maps for the Eastern Banks in Moreton Bay, Australia

Chapter 7

Image of the Sunderbahns, southwestern Bangladesh and southeastern IndiaFigure 7.1: Image of the Sunderbahns, southwestern Bangladesh and southeastern India

Example of lidar data in wetland mappingFigure 7.3: Example of lidar data in wetland mapping

Infrared bands to highlight and distinguish water from landFigure 7.5: Infrared bands to highlight and distinguish water from land

Chapter 8

Monthly mean total cloud amount for June 2006Figure 8.4: Monthly mean total cloud amount for June 2006

Cloud classification schemeFigure 8.5: Cloud classification scheme

Dust from a sandstorm blowing off northwest AfricaFigure 8.6: Dust from a sandstorm blowing off northwest Africa

Global mean aerosol optical depth from MODISFigure 8.8: Global mean aerosol optical depth from MODIS

NEXRAD Level II radar data of migratory land birdsFigure 8.9: NEXRAD Level II radar data of migratory land birds

Arctic minimum sea ice in 1979 and 2003Figure 8.11: Arctic minimum sea ice in 1979 and 2003

Estimates of average rainfall and rainfall anomaliesFigure 8.12: Estimates of average rainfall and rainfall anomalies

The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) cloudsFigure 8.14: The Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) clouds

Global wind patterns observed by the SeaWindsFigure 8.15: Global wind patterns observed by the SeaWinds

SeaWiFS upwelling off the coast of California, USAFigure 8.16: SeaWiFS upwelling off the coast of California, USA

Lland surface temperatureFigure 8.17: Lland surface temperature

Chapter 9

NASA Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) dataFigure 9.1: NASA Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) data

A NASA Aura satellite MODIS active firesFigure 9.3: A NASA Aura satellite MODIS active fires

ASTER image of flooding north of Gloucester, UKFigure 9.5: ASTER image of flooding north of Gloucester, UK

Construction of the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, ChinaFigure 9.7: Construction of the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River, China

Chapter 10

Vector vs. raster dataFigure 10.1: Vector vs. raster data

The length of an edge  for vector and raster dataFigure 10.2: The length of an edge for vector and raster data

Satellite image depicting Tam Dao National Park in northern Viet NamFigure 10.3: Satellite image depicting Tam Dao National Park in northern Viet Nam

A map of wildlife corridors along the Huong Son Range, central Viet NamFigure 10.4: A map of wildlife corridors along the Huong Son Range, central Viet Nam

Chapter 11

Resampling methodsFigure 11.1: Resampling methods

Examples of downgraded resolutionFigure 11.2: Examples of downgraded resolution

Landsat bands for city areasFigure 11.3: Landsat bands for city areas

Differences in texture that accompany different urban densitiesFigure 11.6: Differences in texture that accompany different urban densities

Texture analysis of higher resolution dataFigure 11.8: Texture analysis of higher resolution data

Texture analysis of ASTER and astronaut photograph Part 1Figure 11.9A: Texture analysis of ASTER and astronaut photograph

Texture analysis of ASTER and astronaut photograph Part 2Figure 11.9B: Texture analysis of ASTER and astronaut photograph

Chapter 12

Layers used in a typical gap analysisFigure 12.2: Layers used in a typical gap analysis

TerraLook overlayFigure 12.4: TerraLook overlay

Chapter 13

Two images of Quang Nam province in Viet NamFigure 13.2: Two images of Quang Nam province in Viet Nam

Screen-captures from a desktop GISFigure 13.4: Screen-captures from a desktop GIS

Satellite telemetry systemsFigure 13.5: Satellite telemetry systems

A VHF telemetry system triangulates the location of the transmitterFigure 13.6: A VHF telemetry system triangulates the location of the transmitter

Chapter 14

Generalized diagram for developing, constructing, and testing a modelFigure 14.2: Generalized diagram for developing, constructing, and testing a model

Chapter 15

Blue Marble part 1Figure 15.1A: Blue Marble

Blue Marble part 2Figre 15.1B: Blue Marble

Figure 15.2A: Global biosphere composite image part 1Figure 15.2A: Global biosphere composite image

Global biosphere composite image part 2Figure 15.2B: Global biosphere composite image

Appendix

Electromagnetic (EM) waves categorized by wavelengthFigure Appendix 1.1: Electromagnetic (EM) waves categorized by wavelength

Broad range of wavelengths of electromagnetic radiationFigure Appendix 1.2: Broad range of wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation

Electromagnetic energy that reaches Earth’s surfaceFigure Appendix 1.3: Electromagnetic energy that reaches Earth’s surface

Overlaying a grid on an imageFigure Appendix 5.1: Overlaying a grid on an image

Landsat ETM+ image of central Viet NamFigure Appendix 5.2: Landsat ETM+ image of central Viet Nam

Two images reoresenting the same dataFigure Appendix 5.3: Two images reoresenting the same data

Man-made featuresFigure Appendix 5.4: Man-made features

The spatial resolution of the Landsat compared with MODIS imageFigure Appendix 5.5: The spatial resolution of the Landsat compared with MODIS image

A variety of textures visible in IKONOS imageFigure Appendix 5.6: A variety of textures visible in IKONOS image

Even-aged plantation forestsFigure Appendix 5.7: Even-aged plantation forests

Landsat ETM+ image of Sierra Vista, Arizona, USAFigure Appendix 5.8: Landsat ETM+ image of Sierra Vista, Arizona, USA

Images from different times of the yearFigure Appendix 5.9: Images from different times of the year

NOAA GOES-E full disk infrared imageFigure Appendix 6.1: NOAA GOES-E full disk infrared image

First four channels of the GOES ImagerFigure Appendix 6.2: First four channels of the GOES Imager